Average Weight For A Two And Half Year Old Boy Assess the Effectiveness of Anti-Natal Policies in Less Developed Countries

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Assess the Effectiveness of Anti-Natal Policies in Less Developed Countries

Around the world, many least developed countries (LDCs) are implementing anti-birth policies, the aim of which is to reduce the crude birth rate and the total fertility rate in order to reduce the population. Such measures are often used when LDCs are experiencing unsustainable high inflation and the government is concerned that it may exceed the country’s carrying capacity. In other words, it is part of an effort to improve living standards.

Anti-birth policies range from strict to lenient depending on the case. China’s “One Child Policy” implemented since the 1970s when they were still a very poor LDC and far from the second largest economy in the world is a world famous phenomenon. Deng Xiaoping publicly stated that for China to achieve its economic development goals in the 21st century, its population must be reduced to 1.2 billion. Under his ideology there were strict measures such as forced abortion and abortion. The National Commission for Population and Family Planning administers the policy and with its famous 300,000 permanent workers and 80 million volunteers, they ensure regular household visits and assessments, especially in rural areas. The policy covered 35% of the Chinese population and contraception was readily available. A married couple can only have one, or two in rural areas if the first is a woman. A fine of 10,000 yuan was imposed for the second and subsequent children. There were also some areas with the ‘Certificat d’ordonnance single child’, allowing couples who followed the rules to allowances, extended leave, cheaper child care, private housing. , cheaper fertilizer and even a loan of 100,000 yuan to renovate their home to their liking.

Considering the many conditions, it was expected that this policy was completely successful. According to statistics, the best reduction in the fertility rate was achieved as from 1970 to 1979 the TFR dropped by more than half from 5.8 to 2.7. ​and then prevented about 400 million births from 1979 to 2011, the size of Europe. It was also very successful in urban areas such as Beijing and Shanghai because it was implemented at the best of times, when the desire to improve socioeconomic conditions outweighed the desire to have a large family. In such a big city, raising a child costs about 50,000 RMB for a comfortable life and many know that this is not an easy decision. As a result, the urban coastal cities in particular lowered the TFR to 1.5-1.6, much lower than the national average in China. This has led to improved living standards as governance can better support the poor with existing resources. Thus, the trend for these cities has been established, which has led to the proliferation of nuclear families and even the “small emperor syndrome”.

Admittedly, many people think that this policy is a failure in terms of intangibles, especially morals. Amazingly, even 30 years later, this barbaric attempt at social engineering is still valid. It has undermined the gender balance by contributing to infanticide and sex-selective abortion, so that in the country there are only 100 girls out of 118 the boy. In rural areas, the figure is more alarming at 100 girls to 133 boys. He has also received widespread criticism for his complete disregard for basic human rights by forcing urban women to undergo sterilization and abortions, and in some villages, up to 98% of women had an IUD implanted, often without knowing how it had been done to them. they were unconscious when they were forced. In Bobai County in western Guangxi, the authorities carried out a severe crackdown and rounded up 17,000 women before subjecting them to such forced labor, extorting 7.8 million yuan in fines, robbing the houses of those who refused to pay. Perhaps a more glaring failure is the fact that the policy is already causing harm to China itself as it clearly reduces the comparative economic advantage of surplus labor and being a “business of today”. world”. The labor shortage can be seen because the pearl river delta lacks 2 million workers while the Wenzhou area has 1 million. Chinese wages are growing at about 4% per year and the minimum wage in Guangzhou has been raised to more than 1000 yuan compared to 860 before. It will be counterproductive if the policy is not controlled and ends up affecting the FDI in the country.

LDCs are generally unable to implement their birth control policies with much success due to weak governance and national foundations that lead to the inability to properly manage complex issues. – variety. In Nigeria, for example, the Population Policy of 1988 was a major failure. Contraception was promoted and must be recognized first, but perhaps the good thing is that contraception and birth control services were made accessible and affordable to everyone, which increased contraceptive use by an amazing 50% in 5 years each. at 6%. There was also a strong campaign to eliminate discrimination against women at work and at home. However, the policy was largely unsuccessful due to its short-term success. In the long run, this did not work well because half of Nigerians were Muslims, so the promotion of contraception violated their religious beliefs and was beyond their reach. The policy was also voluntary, allowing families to decide whether they wanted to participate. So many chose to opt out and the final participation rate was disappointing. The TFR remained relatively high at 5.70 in 2000-2005 and 5.61 in 2005-2010. A population growth rate of 3% per year has made them the fastest growing country in Africa, with one in 6 Africans being Nigerians. This can have unintended consequences if the problem persists and youths become increasingly dependent on the state which is not supported by the country.

In democratic LDCs like India, their situation is similar to Nigeria as a democracy, they cannot regulate the number of children allowed for the couple with their anti-birth policy in 1972. In this year abortion was legalized and contraceptives, including methods such as the pill and the coil, flourished. The media was used to spread posters and posters of a crowded world and the message “limited resources, growing population” was used in advertising. Recently the state of Rajasthan is encouraging voluntary donations by offering a car, the Indian-made Tata Nano (the world’s cheapest car) as a prize, along with a motorcycle, television and food mix. . This will work best for poorer groups because selected electrical appliances and household appliances, which are already expensive, are already available for sterilization. The crude birth rate has more than halved from 40.8 in 1951 to 26.4 in 1998. The TFR has decreased from 4.5 to 3.4 in recent years.

Despite the small successes, there are more failures. In 1978 the legal age for marriage was raised to 18 from 15 but this was ignored because tradition took precedence over state law, the issue of free will in of democracy. Contraceptive promotion has also been unsuccessful with only 25% use even though improvements have been made. In rural areas like Uttar Pradesh, fewer than 90 to 100 women are the victims of infanticide. Most importantly, there were widespread complaints about forced abortions that led to the abandonment of the campaign. With states like Uttar Pradesh adding 10 million every 3 years, India’s 1.1 billion population is expected to surpass China’s 1.3 billion by 2030, demonstrating the success of the first if compared to the bitter effects of the latter.

In conclusion, the anti-birth policy in LDCs has its own success or failure, however if there is an authoritarian government in China, the law is given priority and the statics will show the absolute success. in terms, despite the intangible behavior and social and economic aspects. life may not get better. However, in most cases, we often see LDCs unable to face such difficulties in the birth policy due to many factors that must be considered such as the practice of religion, acceptance and importance of politics, etc. Poverty and economic growth, LDCs generally do not have additional opportunities to deal with effective implementation.

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