Average Weight Of A 20 Year Old Man In Stone Numismatics in the World’s Columbian Exposition

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Numismatics in the World’s Columbian Exposition

400 years after Columbus arrived in the New World, the World’s Columbian Exposition became the most important event in the United States for many years to come. May 1, 1893 marked the opening of this great day in history. The Exposition spanned 600 acres of beautiful Jackson Park in Chicago marked by over 200 buildings, bridges and lagoons. The scale of the Exposition far exceeded any other World’s Fair which further proved the theory American Exceptionalism. In addition, the Fair showed that Chicago rose from the ashes of the Great Chicago Fire, which destroyed 4 square miles of Chicago in 1871 and claimed hundreds of lives.

The World’s Columbian Exposition was open for 6 months, from May 1, 1893 to October 30, 1893. During the duration of the Fair, more than 27 million people from all over the world attended. was present. These people have come to attend the most expansive, technologically advanced and future-shaping World’s Fair. During the Fair season, attendees experienced many firsts, including the first Ferris wheel. The Ferris wheel, which was 264 meters long, could carry 2,000 people in a single revolution. As well as experiencing the first Ferris wheel, the American people will have experienced the different cultures of more than 36 countries around the world including Japan and Egypt.

The World’s Columbian Exposition had a huge impact on the world. It inspired the minds of great inventors and paved the way for the way we live today. From a numismatic perspective, the World’s Columbian Exposition is responsible for the creation of numismatic pieces that are still widely collected today.

In honor of Christopher Columbus, the Worlds Columbian Board of Directors decided to create a commemorative half dollar coin that will be struck by the US Mint. A NY Times article dated July 10, 1892 discusses a bill sent to the Senate to create a World’s Columbian Exposition commemorative half dollar. The bill proposed that “these should be of equal weight and paleness, and in all other respects be of the same character as the silver half dollars now provided for by law.” The bill outlined how the US Treasury would provide $5,000,000 for the development of the commemorative notes. The coin will be sold for $1 every two weeks and will receive $10,000,000. There is a lot of opposition to creating large amounts of coins. Senator Sherman of Ohio declared that “the number of half-hearted memorials would destroy their value as memorials.” In response to Senator Sherman’s reply, Senator Allison of Iowa declared that “they will not only be memorials to this day and generation, but will be carried by sixty-five million of now in the United States of two hundred million. will remain here in the future. the children will cry for them, and the old men will beg for them, and they will be removed from the blood stream and will be fall into a state of insignificance.”

After the bill is passed, the design of the coin should begin. The coin should resemble Christopher Columbus. In an article from the NY Times on August 23, 1892, the US Mint expressed its difficulty in releasing the portrait of Christopher Columbus. The Mint had intended to use an image by the painter Sotto, but the image did not match the universally accepted image of Columbus. The problem of finding a good portrait was solved when the Washington Mint Office sent Focilion an engraving of Suardo’s Columbus. The image of Columbus is copied from an original painting by Paolo Giovio. The picture, which hung on the wall of Giovio’s house during Columbus’s lifetime, has always been considered an original because the two were close friends. More than 2.5 million examples of coins were struck for the World’s Columbian Exposition. Although many were sold at the Fair, many remained unsold and remained at market prices. Today, the Colombian half dollar maintains its reputation as the oldest American commemorative half and remains in pristine condition.

Women in the 19th century were not thought of in the same way as they are today. The way many people thought in the late 19th century was the place of women in the home. In 1890, a woman named Bertha Honoré Palmer was elected president of the Women’s Board of Directors at the World’s Columbian Exposition. Palmer toured the country generating interest for the Fair. He contracted at the World’s Columbia Exposition to build the Woman’s House, which was designed by a woman architect. Palmer was the brains behind the introduction of women’s commemorative coins for sale during the Fair. In keeping with the female theme, Palmer insisted that the portrait of Queen Isabella of Spain be used on the coin. Queen Isabella, who patronized Columbus, was among those responsible for the historic discovery of the New World. Again in keeping with the female theme, Palmer chose a New York artist named Caroline Peddle to design the quarter. Student of Augustus St. Peddle is Gaudens, the famous designer of the double eagle $20 coin. The act of selecting an independent artist was insulting to the head engraver of the US Mint, Charles Barber. Barber would not approve the commemorative coin with Peddle as the artist. Seeing no other choice, Palmer let Barber choose an artist to design the coins. An artist named Kenyon Cox was chosen. Cox painted many of the murals in the exhibition and the sketches for the portrait of Queen Isabella were done by hand. Palmer received enough money for 40,000 souvenirs. June 13, 1893 marks the date the Philadelphia mint minted 40,000 commemorative coins. An article in the NY Times of June 14, 1893 stated that “The design of the coin surpasses the beauty of the Colombian half dollar. a woman kneeling beside a distaff.” Memorial kits were sold at the Women’s Building for $1.00. Of the original 40,000 coins minted, only 24,191 were sold, the remaining 15,809 were re-minted and minted. The Isabella Memorial will forever remember the role of women during the World’s Columbian Exposition.

The World’s Columbian Exposition was a life-changing and unique experience for all who attended. Tickets for the fair went on sale on April 1, 1892 at various hotels throughout Chicago. Thousands of people who wanted to keep the tickets as souvenirs or send them to friends lined up at various hotels in Chicago to buy the tickets. An article in the NY Times of April 2, 1893 stated that “In addition to the tickets sold at the hotels, Treasurer Seeberger has received large orders for them from business houses who are desirous of sending them to their customers in the country. from this source alone they aggregate more than $300,000.”

The tickets are as amazing as the Fair itself. There are six different types of tickets used, each one featuring a character essential to the story. The first four are general admission tickets with portraits of an American Indian, Christopher Columbus, George Washington, and Abraham Lincoln, each representing a different era of American history. The latter two were printed in smaller numbers than general admission tickets and feature portraits of inventor Benjamin Franklin and composer George Frideric Handel. Franklin tickets included the word “appreciate” on the face of the ticket and were sent to businesses that sponsored the fair as gifts for their best customers. Benjamin Franklin was chosen for this ticket because of his experiments with electricity, which were the most important and impressive of all the innovations introduced at the Fair. The “Music” ticket, the rarest of all, features an engraving of the 18th century composer Handel, and was used to gain admission to musical performances. Handel’s “Water Music” and “Music for the Royal Fireworks” were performed at the Fair. Handel’s image appearing on the Fair ticket was very appropriate as the Fair featured the latest in electric fountains and a vast fireworks display that was shown with his works playing in the background.

The tickets for the Fair were issued by the New York Banknote Company. The employee of the New York Banknote Company, Col. Porter, won an award for designing the tickets for the World’s Columbian Exposition. A NY Times article from April 2, 1893 describes the Worlds Fair Tickets “The tickets, which in four different designs are about 4 inches long by 2 ½ inches wide, the paper used is very beautiful gray in color. The tickets of the various series differ in the color of their backs, the colors used are brown, red, green and blue. Contrasted with the beautiful vignettes on right corner of ticket is engraved: World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago. Valid May 1 to October 30, 1893.” Each ticket is beautifully printed and truly a work of art. Not only did these coupons show some impressive features, but the prime minister was also in the limelight for anti-forgery measures. “The main security that companies rely on to counterfeit these coupons is the use of colors and the smooth and intricate engravings, which make it impossible to photograph the coupons.”

Although the World’s Columbian Exposition lasted only six months, the innovations presented during the Fair changed the way we live today. The Fair presented the world with some of the most profound numismatic material ever. From the Columbian Half Dollar and the Isabella Quarter, America’s first commemorative coins, to the mysterious admission ticket that featured the first anti-counterfeiting measures, it changed the world as we know it today. the World’s Columbian Exposition in 1893.

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